How to feed roses in spring
Briefly about caring for roses
Every flower lover wants his bush to be lush, beautiful and healthy. Although the rose is a capricious plant with thorns, it is still considered the queen of the flower world. And of course, she just needs proper care and attention. For a rose, the planting site, the irrigation regime, as well as the top dressing and fertilizers applied are very important. All of these factors are of great importance during bud formation. Can be fed with both mineral and organic fertilizers. But before using, it is important to carefully study the instructions and recommendations, to understand how to feed the roses in spring.
How to feed roses in spring: mineral-based fertilizers
This fertilizer is not organic. They are composed of metal salt compounds. Such funds will help to enrich the soil with microelements, macronutrients and nutrients. They will also have a positive effect on flowering and crop development. But there are also disadvantages, they slow down growth a little, and also reduce the number of buds. Earlier, experienced gardeners recommended the use of iron sulfate, with a lack of iron. However, since it contains metal, it loses its properties faster and the plant cannot feed on it. Therefore, the best solution would be to use a universal complex preparation. If the rose lacks trace elements, then you will understand this from the state of its foliage, it will become thinner and turn yellow. Such fertilizers do not have to be dissolved in liquid, they can simply be scattered around the bush, and then loosened up the earthen space.
How to feed roses in spring: the most important substances for life
This is the most important substance, it is a trace element. It will depend on phosphorus how many buds there will be and what size they will be. You can feed with phosphorus fertilizers throughout all twelve months. And during the period of bud formation, this is a mandatory procedure.
Potassium substances are metallic elements. They affect the amount of bud formation.
Fertilizers with magnesium in the composition should be applied in the spring, when buds are just beginning to form. It affects the brightness of colors.
Nitrogenous elements affect the formation and development of foliage. If the rose lacks nitrogen, then it will have thick stems, but there will be very few foliage and inflorescences. With dressings in the composition, which contains this element, you need to be extremely careful. The best time for such feeding is the warm season, that is, the spring-summer period. After all, a culture saturated with nitrogen will be very sensitive to frosts and cold snaps. An excess of nitrogen will never do any good. For if a culture is overfed with nitrogenous elements, then it 1) loses its resistance to diseases; 2) Loses its resistance to insect pests; 3) Inhibits flowering. Therefore, fertilizers in which nitrogen predominates are used only twice, in the spring and summer. But it is important to use them no later than the twentieth of August.
This element provides the prevention of chlorosis in crops. Fertilizers with its content can be applied throughout the year.
How to feed roses in spring: the most famous and effective drugs
Carbamide is also urea. It is a storehouse of nitrogenous elements. Use only after dilution and concentration reduction. Bushes need to be watered at the root
Potassium sulfur or potassium nitrate. It is a source of potash and nitrogenous elements. To prepare a solution, you need to dilute ten grams in funds in ten to twelve liters of water.
Ammonium nitrate or ammonium nitrate. This top dressing is very popular due to its nitrogen content. It dissolves perfectly in aqueous substances. Thanks to this, it is not difficult to make a solution and water the crops.
This top dressing contains phosphorus, potassium and nitrogen. When using, you need to dissolve ten grams of the product in ten to twelve liters of clean water.
This preparation contains potassium, phosphorite and nitrogenous substances. For use, you need to make a solution.
It includes: 1) Nitrogen elements; 2) potash elements; 3) Phosphorite elements. We can say that it combines nitrophosphate and azophoska. Its active substances are maximally nutritious and assimilable. It is recommended to apply in dry form, directly to the ground, even before the snow cover melts.
This is a top dressing with phosphorite elements. To apply, you need to dissolve ten grams of the drug in ten liters of clean water.
Potash top dressing.
How to feed roses in spring: organic fertilizers
Often, flower lovers trust very much and are fond of mineral fertilizers, forgetting about organic matter. But you should know that organic substances are more gentle and softer in their action, plus they saturate the soil with nutrients. Organic preparations reduce the frequency of the appearance of weed crops, and also attract earthworms to the site, which, in turn, loosen the soil during their life, thereby saturating it with fresh oxygen. The most productive results will help to achieve the combined use of organic and mineral dressings. Mineral-based fertilizers serve as the main source of nutrition, and organic fertilizers will help to better assimilate minerals. Gardeners who already have experience recommend applying mineral fertilizers first, and only then adding organic ones.
How to feed roses in spring: infusion on bird droppings
Top dressing of this type is recommended to be applied twice a year. The first time is at the beginning of spring, when the plant is actively developing. The second time is when the plant has already begun to bloom. Fertilizer from manure can burn the root system, so it is very important to maintain concentration when applying it. Pure bird droppings are not allowed.To make a solution from fresh droppings, you need to mix it with water at a concentration of one in twenty. If the droppings are rotten, then the mixing ratio should be one to ten, and you also need to set aside time for infusion, about five days. The resulting infusion, when used, must be diluted with clean water, in a ratio of one to three. This feeding will especially have a positive effect on young bushes, their root system will develop and adapt even faster.
How to feed roses in spring: infusion on cow dung
To make the mixture, the manure is diluted with water in a ratio of one to ten. You need to insist for seven days. When using, you need to dilute the infusion with clean water, in a ratio of one to two. Top dressing, it is better to carry out in warm weather, because in cool time, substances are less absorbed. This feeding will especially have a positive effect on young bushes, their root system will develop and adapt even faster.
Infusion on weeds
This type of feeding can be considered an additional source of organic trace elements. It is necessary to collect the required amount of weeds, finely chop them, pick up a container, fill it seventy-five percent with raw materials. Then add two to three tablespoons of soda ash. Pour in warm, clean water in a volume of two-thirds of the total mass. The minimum period for the mixture to be infused is seven days. You can wait a little longer for the infusion to ferment well. Filter and dilute the concentration three to ten before use. With what happened, you can spray the rose bushes. If the weed is inseminated, then it cannot be used.
Infusion on peat and humus
Top dressing based on peat, or organic humus, is recommended at the end of the autumn period, at the same time when you cover crops for wintering. Organic elements should be decomposed around the bush, which will allow the root system to develop better and wake up from sleep.
How to feed roses in spring: the most favorable times for different types of dressing
For a plant to be strong, healthy and luxuriantly blooming, you need to feed it at least twice a year. In the spring, to stimulate and support active growth and development. In the autumn, so that next spring the plant has something to eat at the initial stage. Top dressing can also be carried out in thickets, especially with those fertilizers that contain phosphorite elements.
During early spring, just after the snow melts
This will be the very first spring feeding, if the plant is young, then you can feed it with organic matter, for example, a solution with bird or cow droppings. If the specimen is already an adult, then ammonium nitrate can be used. When using ammonium nitrate, you will need to allocate twenty to thirty grams of funds for each square meter.
How to feed roses in spring: at the end of the spring period, that is, in May
At this time, it is recommended to make top dressing with phosphorite and potassium elements. For example, such fertilizers can be: 1) Superphosphate; 2) Potassium sulfate. To prepare a solution, you need to dilute ten grams of the product in ten liters of clean water. You need to apply fertilizer directly under the root of the plant. You can make feeding data both together and separately. They will help you ensure an abundant and vibrant bloom.
How to feed roses in spring: the beginning of the summer period, that is, June
At this point, it is recommended to repeat the feeding with potassium and phosphate substances.
How to feed roses in spring: mid-summer, that is, July
At this point, it is recommended to repeat the feeding with potassium and phosphate substances. But you also need to add organic elements, that is, in addition to potassium and phosphorus, you can add five hundred grams of poultry manure. Or, for example, you can feed it with nitrophos.It contains nitrogenous, potassium and phosphorite elements. To make a solution, you need to dilute ten grams of the drug in ten liters of clean, warm water.
If you need to tidy up the acidity level of the soil, it is recommended to add wood ash (the ash must be of pure wood, that is, not painted, not varnished or glued), wood ash is a source of potassium. In order to make a root fertilizer, you need to stir one hundred grams of wood ash in ten liters of clean, warm water. If you need to perform a spraying procedure, then you need two hundred grams of wood ash, diluted in ten liters of warm, clean water. Top dressing with wood ash can be carried out only in the second year of the seedling's life in one place.
How to feed roses in spring: how you can apply fertilizers
There are two ways to add all: 1) Root; 2) Foliar. It is not recommended to make top dressing in dry soil, as this can easily burn the root system.
Such dressings are applied by spraying the foliage. The effect of such fertilization can be seen almost immediately, as the foliage quickly absorbs everything. Thus, both organic and mineral fertilizers are introduced. Spraying is recommended in the morning or evening, when the sun has not yet completely hidden. In the daytime, night or twilight, moisture ingress on the foliage can say negatively on the plant itself. If droplets of liquid remain on the foliage and do not have time to go through the stages of absorption and evaporation, then they can provoke a defeat by fungal infections. If the drops fall on the foliage under the scorching sun, then they can thereby create a magnifying glass, and the plant itself get burns.
Such feeding is the most productive and effective. After all, they are introduced directly into the soil in which the plant grows.
How to feed roses in spring: ways with which you can apply root dressing
There are several ways to apply root dressing.
The first way
Water the bushes with water in which the dressing is diluted
Apply fertilizer in dry form, around the bush and loosen the soil space.
Apply the top dressing directly to the soil near the plant. For this event, you need to dig a not very deep furrow around the bush, about fifteen centimeters long. In such a furrow, you need to apply fertilizers that were previously mixed with the ground and sprinkle with soil. During the period of rain or watering, fertilizers will gradually dissolve and the soil will be saturated with them.
How to feed roses in spring: how to feed roses in autumn
The spring-summer period, when the plant blooms profusely, requires a lot of strength, vitality, and nutritional components. Naturally, all this needs to be replenished. To recover, you need to carry out the autumn feeding when the plant has already faded. If everything is done on time, next year the culture will delight its owner with abundant and lush flowering.
At the end of the summer, the beginning of the autumn period, it is not recommended to apply those fertilizers that contain nitrogenous elements. After all, the green mass will go up because of them and the culture will not have time to prepare for the winter period. And fertilizers with a phosphate rock and potash base can be applied twice, for example, in the middle and end of the autumn period.
It should also be remembered that top dressing with yeast will wash out potash elements from the soil. Therefore, after such fertilization, you need to scatter wood ash (the ash should be of clean wood, that is, not painted, not varnished and not glued) or water the plant with a solution.
How to feed roses in spring: autumn fertilizers
Phosphate-based fertilizer. You need to take: 1) Sixteen grams - monophosphate; 2) Fifteen grams - superphosphate; 3) Ten liters of pure water.All this must be stirred until a homogeneous liquid.
Fertilizer on a potassium-phosphorus basis. What to make: 1) One tablespoon - superphosphate; 2) One tablespoon of potassium sulfate; 3) Ten liters of pure water. Mix everything thoroughly.
Yeast based fertilizer. Composition: 1) Ten liters - clean, warm water; 2) Two tablespoons - granulated sugar; 3) Ten grams - dry yeast. Mix everything thoroughly, let it brew for two hours. After that, add another fifty liters of clean, warm water and proceed to watering.
How to feed roses in spring: universal complex remedies
Their main advantage is that in one vessel with the preparation, there will be all the necessary elements for active growth and development of culture.
The most popular and effective drugs
There are several of them.
To make root dressing, you need to take five milliliters of the drug and dilute them in one liter of clean, warm water. If you need foliar feeding, then you need to dilute five milliliters of the drug in two liters of clean, warm water. It can be applied by the root method once every seven to ten days. Introduce by foliar method, you can once every ten to fifteen days.
Fertile watering can
To use this product, you need to dilute ten milliliters in one liter of clean, warm water. It can be applied at intervals of ten to fifteen days. You can start in early spring and finish at the end of the summer period.
This drug must be diluted according to the instructions, which says that ten milliliters of the drug must be diluted in one liter of clean, warm water. You can deposit three times per season. The first time right after disembarkation. The second time during the budding period. The third time at a time when the plant will bloom.
Half a sachet of this product must be diluted in one liter of clean, warm water. You can deposit every ten to fourteen days.
When interacting with this drug, you need to adhere to a concentration of one milliliter per two liters of clean, warm water. You need to deposit only once a season. Before the buds start to form. Foliar method.
How to feed roses in spring: conclusion
It does not matter what kind of fertilizer and top dressing you use, it is important to observe the concentration and dose of application. If the funds are too much, then it can negatively affect the quality of the soil, as well as burn the root system of the plant. If the soil is damaged, it will take a very long and difficult time to restore it.