Ornamental trees and shrubs: 22 types for the garden
Progress does not stand still. The same goes for garden plots. Summer cottages are being transformed into stylish cottages with an enviable landscape. Harvesting is no longer the primary reason for coming to the country. The site turns into a recreation area, both physical and moral. And best of all, resting with a view of the colorful landscape. Lawns, ornamental trees and shrubs are the main helpers in creating unrivaled views. We will talk about them in this article.
In addition to the aesthetic function, for which ornamental plants are so fond, they also perform others. For example, a properly designed area may visually appear larger than it actually is. Outbuildings can acquire an outlandish look or become part of the landscape solution, and not something that you want to hide from human eyes. Trees with strong roots can help strengthen slopes and embankments. In open space, ornamental vegetation can replace "walls" by zoning the space, or serve as a fence, making your site more secluded.
Ornamental trees and shrubs: what to choose?
Those types of ornamental trees that do not require a lot of investment in physical and material care are in special demand. They may not be very practical, but they are beautiful and not whimsical. These include standard trees, they do not take up much space and their crown has a spherical shape. Columnar hybrids, weeping and dwarf species of fruit and forest trees are also very popular. Forest trees have become a real sensation in the design of hedges and walls.
The lawn landscaping scheme consists of trees with a noticeable difference in height. The taller ones create a background that blends in with the lower trees and shrubs. Miniature or bright ones make up the foreground. They can be either free-standing or be combined with the rest of the tiers, building a complete picture.
The consummate leader among the most unpretentious plants is conifers. They require almost no maintenance, while maintaining a presentable look all year round. Certain species take on a form resembling a Christmas tree decorated with toys during the flowering period. And in general they look smart. For swampy soils, spruce is well suited, and in places with an arid climate, pine will take root. A separate plus for it will be the fact that it will not be difficult for you to maintain the required height and shape of the plant. Yew has similar properties. It is easy to make hedges out of it and maintain their appearance.
Ornamental trees and shrubs: Tui
There are a great many varieties of thuja, everyone can find the kind that will appeal to him. They come in different shapes (spherical, pyromidal). Each strip has its own thuja, which will take root in the corresponding climate. The only thing that all species have in common is love for the shower and spraying.
The most popular are Platan, Holly, and Canadian maples.The bright burgundy or yellow foliage contrasts with the rest of the green hedge to create a memorable composition. To preserve the saturation of the color of the foliage, such plants should be placed in sunny places of the site, with fertile soil and neutral acidity. Frosts are not terrible for mature trees, at first it is preferable to insulate for the winter.
Magnolia should be purchased from a nursery or garden center. Only there you will be sold a seedling with a root ball. Choose your landing site carefully. Be careful not to damage the roots. The soil should not be calcareous, the best solution
will acidify it with peat. While the sprouts are very young, cover the roots for the winter with mulch, and the crown with agrofibre. Magnolia does not like draft and wind, but enjoys bathing in the sun. For an adult plant, periodically carry out sanitary pruning. There are many hybrids and different forms of magnolia, choose one that will tolerate the climate of your latitude. This exotic curiosity can grow in the form of a bush or a slender tree with a luxurious crown. Mainly has a pleasant vanilla-citrus aroma during flowering.
Unlike magnolia, sakura does not have to be purchased as a seedling. If you have a traditional cherry or sweet cherry, you can graft the plant with the budding method. It will be cheaper, but no worse. The rest of the care is very similar to that described in the chapter above. Also, it should be sprayed from pests, watered abundantly and care for the crown, and trimmed. As a gift, this Japanese relative of cherry will present you with the world-famous flowering period.
Beautiful and fruitful
Instead of the familiar apple tree, you can get a decorative subspecies or its weeping form. The colorful fruits and flowering branches with bright and variegated leaves attract birds to the garden, which is a natural solution to pest problems. An exotic jam is made from the fruit. For example, the Ola apple tree blooms with large scarlet flowers that completely cover the branches.
Caring for such trees will be familiar. It differs little from the familiar agricultural practices used to care for traditional apple trees.
Ornamental trees and shrubs: Junipers
There are too many shrubs to generalize or talk about each separately. Below we take a look at the most popular types of junipers. In general, they complement the overall composition, serve as an undergrowth, or are present mainly for eye pleasure, while purifying the air. In sufficient sunlight or warmth, the plant emits a scent with a healing effect. Because of this, young twigs are often added to bath brooms. Another advantage of junipers is that they are hardy.
An adult plant grows to the size of a lush flower bed. Coniferous branches have sandy brushes at the ends. The needles themselves are flat and scaly. When located in a sunny place, the brushes have a brighter color, but the shrub itself feels great in the shade.
Ornamental trees and shrubs: Cossack
When planting, make a hole twice the size of the root ball. After a while, the bush will spread out in different directions and will be very voluminous. For this reason, leave enough space between the bushes. The best option would be a distance of one and a half meters. To achieve the best look, Cossack should be placed in light soil, do not forget to loosen and sprinkle the branches. This unpretentious plant has smoky branches that look good in composition with many plants.
Rocky Sky Rocket
From the side it resembles a blue combed up tree or cypress. It grows up to 8 meters in height and a meter in diameter.
Glauka has strong roots, which will help you to strengthen the slopes. At the same time, its appearance is suitable for the foregrounds of compositions.It can grow up to three meters wide while remaining no higher than 40 centimeters in height.
If you need to quickly occupy space, there is no better assistant. It will quickly take at least 3 meters wide and a meter high. Blue Carpet grows over large areas and responds to pruning with even faster growth. This can be a problem if you don't think about the details ahead of time.
Ornamental trees and shrubs: Barberry
Barberry should be placed in an open area with abundant sunlight. A drainage pillow will not be superfluous. Reacts poorly to stagnant groundwater. Otherwise, no special conditions will have to be provided for the soil.
The bushes have an intricate shape with colorful foliage in muted shades. The peak of flowering occurs in the spring. The color palette is quite diverse: lilac, red, light green, purple, lemon, wine, etc. you can even harvest. Barberry berries are used as a seasoning for meat and pilaf.
The bushes will look beneficial as separate elements or part of the overall picture. The choice from all ranges of colors and varieties allows you to choose the most advantageous option. Depending on the species, the height of the barberry can vary from 25 to 150 centimeters.
Japanese quince Henomeles
Grows best on light, sandy loam soils. Requires good lighting. Reaches a little less than a meter in height. During flowering, abundantly covered with orange-red
flowers, and in summer and autumn, fruits resembling paradise apples. Delicious jam is made from them. Usually they are placed as a separate flower bed or rose garden.
This is a common shrub for us, but this does not negate its attractiveness and benefits from berries. Kalina prefers shade, in such conditions it can grow strongly. Looks good as a decoration of the walls of buildings where the sun has no access. Bright bunches on the branches and crimson-yellow leaves will add color to such places and will not lose their beauty and strength. The main thing is to water the bush abundantly and not regret the humus when planting. Later, it is worth covering the ground with bark mulch so that the moisture from the roots does not evaporate.
Ornamental trees and shrubs: Garden hydrangea
Hydrangea absorbs a lot of sunlight, but you shouldn't plant it in direct light. The soil should be slightly acidic with additional fertilizing, peat, sand and coniferous forest land. The bushes should be watered abundantly with acidified water; if desired, you can achieve a bright blue color by adding iron elements to the water. Around the roots should be mulched with needles. Frosts are poorly tolerated - shelter is needed.
Under the best conditions, the large-leaved garden hydrangea reaches a meter in height and 2 meters in diameter. The inflorescences themselves will delight you from July to autumn with large buds over 10 centimeters in diameter. The color of the inflorescences can be white, pink, crimson, green and blue.
Columnar fruit trees
Trees that are smaller but bear fruit of the usual size are every gardener's dream. Columnar trees make this a reality. In addition, they are easier to care for. You will be able to harvest from the second year and the next 10 years.
It is safest at the moment to buy a columnar apple tree. It has a large number of resistant varieties. For example, varieties Arbat, Bolero, Jean.
You can also try your luck with such seedlings of pears, plums, peaches. Be careful in choosing the place of purchase of seedlings in order to exclude the possibility of fraud.
Whatever you choose, you can use your usual agricultural techniques for leaving. Place seedlings at a distance of half a meter from each other and a couple of meters between rows. In the first year, leave only a few flowers of the ovary so that the tree throws all its strength for survival and strengthening in the soil. Treat pests and feed as usual, loosen the ground around.
The efforts made will not be in vain and the garden of your fantasies will become a reality.