Pear Bere Giffard
The pear is found in almost every garden. Fruits, emitting a pleasant aroma, and the simplicity of the tree are attractive to gardeners. At the moment, there are more than three thousand pear varieties. One of the most popular varieties is the Bere variety, which is presented in several forms. From this article you will learn about the varietal form - the Bere Giffard pear and the rules for its cultivation.
Pear Bere Giffard: variety description and characteristics
The pear variety Bere Giffard was obtained in 1810 by French breeders from a seedling that is still unknown, and soon the new variety became widespread. With the help of this form, a large number of modern varieties were bred. The culture is presented in the form of a tall-growing tree (about five meters) with a crown in the form of a ball. The leaves are light green in color, in the form of an ellipse, their edges are wavy. The flowers are white, large, and have rounded petals.
Pears of the Bere Giffard variety are medium-sized, in the form of an ordinary pear with roundness, fruits weigh up to one hundred grams. The peel is thin, as a rule, light green in color with a yellowish color, often from the side of the sun, a pigment appears on the fruit in the form of a blush of pale red color. The inner contents are tender, sweet and sour.
Pear Bere Giffard: advantages and disadvantages
Advantages pear varieties Bere Giffard: the inner content is delicate, the taste is dessert; the ripening period is early, the first fruits ripen from the 15th of July.
Minuses pear varieties Bere Giffard: low frost resistance; capriciousness to the composition of the soil, to its nutritional value; tall tree; fruits of medium size, poorly stored and transported (the crop can be stored for only seven days).
Features of the variety
Pear Bere Giffard: photo of the variety
The pear variety Bere Giffard is partially self-fertile, therefore, in order to obtain a generous yield, it is necessary to plant a number of pollinator assistants. The best varieties for pollination: Bergamot Esperen, Williams, Bere Durando, Conference.
- Yield indicator.
A certain part of gardeners attribute the yield indicator of this pear to its disadvantages. But it is worth saying that the tree bears fruit in moderation only when it just starts to grow, in the future, an increase in the level of yield is observed every year. And already after twelve to fifteen years, about eighty centners of fruit can be harvested from one hectare of garden.
Do not forget that the fruiting of the Bere Giffard pear variety begins when the plants reach six to seven years.
Pear Bere Giffard: planting varieties
In order for a pear tree to grow well and bear fruit, it is necessary to plant young trees with all responsibility.
- How to prepare a site for planting.
Pear variety Bere Giffard is whimsical to the soil, feels more comfortable on fertile and loose soil. After choosing a place for planting, the soil is deeply dug on it, then fertilizer mixtures are applied to increase the nutritional value (as a rule, humus and peat are introduced). The acidity of the soil should be within 5.6-6 pH.
The place should be well lit by the sun's rays, because the seedlings do not adapt well to excessively wet soil.
- How to choose planting material.
For the cultivation of this variety, young seedlings of one to two years are selected. A two-year-old plant adapts faster and also has a high immune defense.
It is advisable to buy material for planting in a special nursery, because in an unverified store or on the market, a seedling that is infected with various diseases can come across. The most optimal planting material is a two-year-old seedling of the Bere Giffard variety, grafted onto a quince.
Interesting fact! The name of the variety "Bere" comes from the French word "beurre", Which in translation means" butter ", it is possible that this was due to the fact that the internal contents of the fruit are similar in appearance and content to butter.
- How to plant a culture.
The classic of planting pears is a 3x3 scheme. But, given the height of the tree and the fact that the crown is spreading, the planting material is planted at an interval of four meters from each other, and also at least five meters must be left between the row.
When planting pears, take into account the occurrence of groundwater in the ground. It is allowed to plant a tree in a place where groundwater goes deeper than twenty meters.
Pear Bere Giffard: variety care
It is quite simple to care for pears of the Bere Giffar variety, you need to follow the basic procedures: watering, feeding, pruning.
- Watering and fertilizing.
Like any other vegetation, the pear tree needs water. The variety we are considering loves moisture, but does not tolerate stagnant liquid near the root system. As a rule, abundant watering of seedlings is carried out during planting, then, after fourteen days, after that the plants are watered twice every thirty days.
If the pear is cultivated in drought, then the irrigation regime is adjusted, one additional irrigation is introduced (approximately thirty liters per pear). Watering is done by root method using a drip nozzle. If this nozzle is not used, then a small groove is dug around the circumference of the plant, water is poured into it.
Top dressing of the pear tree is carried out in moderation. Nitrogen-containing mixtures are introduced (and organic matter) from the spring season and the entire growing season: when the first buds appear; when flowers appear; after the flowers fall in June and July days, 1 time.
Ammonium nitrate is often used (dosage is twenty to thirty grams per bucket of water), two trees are fertilized with this solution. In the autumn season, the pear tree needs potassium, for example, you can feed two pears with superphosphate (dosage - thirty scales per bucket of water). This fertilizer is applied after the soil has been dug up and watered.
- The procedure for cutting and shaping the crown.
Since the growth of the pear variety Bere Giffard is very active, and the tree reaches a great height, it is definitely required to cut it. Pruning is done when the pear is two years old.
To form the crown correctly, as a rule, four or five equal branches are selected, which are located symmetrically, ¼ of the length is cut off from them, the main trunk remains, the remaining branches are removed. The procedure is performed every year, the lower shoots and branches affected by diseases are cut off.
- How to prepare a plant for the winter season.
The pear variety Bere Giffard has a low resistance to frost, cold snaps below minus five degrees can destroy trees. Therefore, plants need to be covered for the winter season. For this purpose, the trunk is insulated with straw, tied with polyethylene or paper, the trunk circle is mulched with straw or sawdust.
Problems when growing pears
Pear Bere Giffard: photo of the variety
Since the Bere Giffard pear has been bred for a long time, the following difficulties may occur during its cultivation.
Growth has slowed down or stopped completely. This can happen due to the fact that the plant lacks water and minerals, mostly nitrogen in the soil.If you follow the regime of watering and fertilizing, then this difficult situation will not arise.
The root system is overcooled - this will lead to a decrease in productivity, and young trees may also die. To prevent this situation, you need to make a shelter for the pear before severe frosts set in.
Although the pear Bere Giffard is immune to diseases, it can be struck by moniliosis (fruit rot). On the fruit, specks of brown color are formed, which rapidly increase in size, softening of the inner contents and skin is observed, a bloom of white-gray color forms on the surface of the specks, it is located in circles.
This disease is dangerous in that it can go to shoots. To avoid this, the affected pears are removed in time, the plant is sprayed with "Fitosporin" (follow the instructions).
Collection and storage of pear fruits
The ripening of the first fruits of the variety occurs already in the 15th of July, but the fruits are fully harvested only in the first days of September. The crops are kept cool in wood boxes that are well ventilated.
Only whole pears without damage can be stored for a long time. But it should be remembered that these fruits deteriorate very soon, in this regard, they are often eaten fresh or canned.
Interesting fact! The pear is also referred to as a "female fetus", this fact is associated not only with the appearance, which resembles the silhouette of a woman's figure, but also with the fact that the fruits contain a lot of folic acid, it is necessary in order to bear a baby well for pregnant women ...
Tips from experienced gardeners
For a good yield of the pear variety Bere Giffard, you need to know a few simple rules.
With special care to choose planting material, it is better to choose seedlings of two years.
Plant next to the pear Bere Giffard varieties for pollination from the list given in the article.
Take care of the pear: water, feed, prune, make shelter before the onset of cold snaps.
Use organic matter in moderation, especially in autumn and winter.
We reviewed the pear variety Bere Giffard and came to the conclusion that it is popular for the most part for its excellent-tasting fruits. The pear variety Bere Giffard also has disadvantages, but they are compensated by the fact that the pear is immune to diseases and undemanding to care. If you follow agrotechnical rules, you can achieve that the tree will give a stable and generous harvest.