Gera pear is characterized by a large amount of harvest, non-capricious behavior and amazing taste. A group of specialists in breeding, namely M. Yu. Akimov, S. P. Yakovlev, N. I. Savelyev, developed this variety. To create this variety, the varieties "Daughter of Dawn" and "Real Turin" were used. The Gera pear variety has been undergoing state tests since 2003.
Pear Gera: description of the variety and characteristics
The fruiting Hera pear tree has a crown with the shape of a narrow pyramid and grows up to four hundred centimeters up. The crop is formed on perennial shoots and annual branches. The branches are straight, of ordinary thickness, brownish in color, without any villi.
The buds are of ordinary size and round in shape, quite tightly pressed against the branches. The foliage is dark greenish in color, with a glossy and flat front side, of ordinary size and with the shape of a regular oval.
The flowers of a fruiting tree of this variety are of a snow-white color with snow-white petals. The process of bud formation and opening takes place at the end of the spring season. The flowers are up to three centimeters in diameter, almost entirely located along the trunk.
According to the characteristics and photographs from the Internet, the Hera pear gives a large harvest in the fourth - fifth year from the time of planting, the mass of fruits usually ranges from one hundred eighty to two hundred and fifty grams. The peel is greenish in color, the density is assessed as average, the color changes to yellowish at the stages of ripening. Sometimes a slight pink tint appears. The core is in the form of a circle, in the seed chamber there are elongated brownish seeds.
The pulp of the Gera pear variety with small grains, cream color, rather juicy. In pears, there may be fossilized inclusions, namely granulation. To taste, the fruits are sour and sweet at the same time, were evaluated by experts at four point and three tenths on a five-point system. The crop has a slight pleasant smell.
Note! The quantity of the crop and its taste are influenced by the quality of the soil, the amount of light and the climate.
Incorrect adherence to the rules of planting and agricultural techniques are factors that contribute to the death of a tree ahead of time.
Pear Hera: advantages and disadvantages
Believing the characteristics and opinions of summer residents, the Gera pear prefers to grow on the territory of our country, namely in the middle lane. The variety is famous among summer residents, thanks to the following features:
- a large amount of harvest throughout the life of the tree.
- high level of resistance to cold, endures up to minus thirty-eight degrees.
- long-term storage of fruits.
- the ability to transport fruits over long distances.
- high level of resistance to septoria and scab.
Note! This variety of pears is ranked among the late-ripening varieties; when selecting a seedling, this characteristic should be taken into account.
There are no significant disadvantages for this variety, however, pears lose their presentation, namely, they darken, if the rules for transportation and maintenance in the rooms are not followed.
- Recommended cultivation conditions
An uncultivated tree grows in Central Asia and Europe, where it looks like a large accumulation of deciduous thickets. The crop of this culture is small in size, with low palatability of the fruit.
On farms and dachas, this variety is cultivated in Western Siberia, Belarus, the Urals, Ukraine, China and Japan. Such fame and wide distribution are caused by a large amount of harvest, lack of capriciousness in agricultural technology, and a high level of resistance to cold weather.
The optimal conditions for growing a tree are fertile and loose soil with low or neutral acidity. It is difficult for a tree to take root on waterlogged or acidic soils, it bears a small amount of harvest, and sometimes does not bear fruit at all.
Pear Gera: planting varieties
Pear Gera: photo of the variety
In the fall season, it is recommended to move seedlings into the soil if the climatic conditions remain moderate, without sudden weather changes. With correct planting, the first fruits are obtained in the fourth - fifth year, and the largest amount of harvest can be harvested in the tenth year of the tree's existence.
- Disembarkation rules
On the territory, it is required to allocate a site with the required amount of light and without wind. Immediately before landing, a landing hole is made eighty centimeters wide and one hundred centimeters deep. With an excessive amount of sand in the soil, peat is poured into the humus in a ratio of one to two.
The site for planting is prepared in advance, approximately seven days before the transfer of the seedling to the territory. Top dressing with humus is poured into the planting hole and poured with a bucket of liquid, adding three tablespoons of potassium sulfate. After a day, the humus is mixed and three more buckets of liquid are poured out. It is advised to transplant the variety seven days later immediately after making the planting hole.
Note! Seedlings of the Gera pear variety do not adapt well and grow slowly for three years. All because of the poorly developed rhizome.
The day before the tree is moved into the soil, it is placed in a bucket of liquid to start biological processes in the pear.
The tree of this variety is moved to a planting hole, sprinkled with soil. At the end of the procedure, the soil is tamped next to it and a planting hole is made. Trees moisturize well.
In order not to damage the fruit-bearing tree, it is advised to make a fastener from a wooden peg, it is necessary to tie the tree trunk to it.
Agrotechnics behind a tree includes thorough hydration for the first month: twice every seven days. Immediately after the rooting of the tree, watering of the soil is done less: before and after flowering, as well as in the autumn season. It is not necessary to insulate the tree, which means that annual plantings are covered with a snow layer. Further, this procedure will not be needed.
Pear Hera: variety care
- Moisturizing and fertilizing
The Hera pear tree has a high level of drought resistance, however, to collect the maximum number of fruits, it is required to provide the soil with moisture during the flowering process and after its completion. The rate of moistening is established according to the scheme: three buckets of liquid are consumed per square meter of soil. The procedure is carried out using sprinkling or irrigation by grooves.
The procedure is performed in the evening in order to avoid water getting on the foliage. For sprinkling, it is advised to use special equipment.
For surface moistening of the soil near the trunk, planting holes are loosened and made with a depth of ten to fifteen centimeters.
To prevent the soil from drying out, it is necessary to mulch it with sawdust, fallen leaves or straw.
To maintain the fertility of the soil, it is necessary to constantly place top dressing in it: in the spring season, summer and autumn. In the process of flowering, the tree abundantly absorbs nitrogen, because of this, nitrogen fertilizing is used around the near-stem part.
In the summer season, it is advised to use supplements in combination. In the autumn season, upon completion of the harvesting process, phosphorus and potash fertilizers are placed in the soil.
The procedure can be performed in any season.To give the crown shape, it is advised to take a liking to the autumn season. In the spring season, it is advised to remove branches that have frozen over the winter season.
Note! If it is necessary to completely remove the branch, pruning is done so that there are no stumps on the tree: at the base of the branch, near the trunk, a ring is placed, which is the optimal place for cutting.
Tips for pruning a fruiting tree:
- abundantly overgrown branches are thinned out so that the rays of the sun can penetrate into the crown.
- trimming the trunk by one-fourth stops the abundant growth.
- the section of the saw cut is treated with chemicals or garden pitch.
- it is necessary to remove branches that are infected, dried up or growing directly.
If pruning is required in the fall season, then the optimal time is the first week of the second autumn month, when the leaves fall entirely from the tree. When performing the procedure in the spring season, they wait for the end of the last winter month or the first week of the first spring month.
To shelter the bark of a pear from the rays of the sun, parasites and sudden temperature changes, whitewash is performed. The procedures are advised to be performed twice: in the spring and autumn seasons. The optimal time for whitewashing is the completion of the harvesting process, namely the second - third autumn months.
If it is impossible to perform this procedure in the autumn season, it is required to make it in the last winter month in order to prevent the formation of cracks in the bark as a result of cold weather at night.
To make whitewash in ten liters of liquid, three kilograms of slaked lime, copper sulphate and chalk are diluted, then two to three tablespoons of flour paste are poured (it is possible to use one hundred grams of casein glue). Mix the prepared mixture well and let it brew.
Note! For maximum cover, one third of the skeletal branches and trunk are required to be bleached. Aged pears are whitened to a height of eighteen centimeters - two meters.
Immediately before performing the procedure, it is necessary to prepare the bark of a tree of this variety: clean the bark and branches from spoiled bark, and lichens. It is not worth using knives and metal brushes, because you can inflict a wound not only on yourself, but also on the tree.
Everything that you removed from the bark and branches must be destroyed, and the cleaned trunk must be disinfected. To do this, on a day when there is no rain or wind, treat the bark with a five percent preparation of copper sulfate. If necessary, the drug is changed to other chemicals. Spraying is advised to be done from a spray bottle.
- Preparing for the winter season
At the end of the process of offering the harvest, remove and destroy the fallen fruits and leaves, dig up the soil and place top dressing.
A fruit-bearing tree has a high level of resistance to cold weather, however, as a preventive treatment of the soil near the trunk, it is worth mulching it with the use of crushed wood chips and humus.
As a preventive procedure against parasites, it is recommended to cover the trunk with a special net. When preparing for the winter season, the seedling and its branches are tied up.
- Pollinators of the Gera pear variety
This variety of pears has a low level of self-fertility, which means that it must be increased with the help of extraneous pollinators.
For a tree, the optimal representatives are:
- "In memory of Yakovlev".
The space in which a third-party pollinator is located depends on which variety you choose. Despite the variety, it is advised to place trees at least five meters from each other. The maximum space between trees should not be more than ten to fifteen meters.
Pear Gera: features of the variety
For the Gera pear variety, a large amount of harvest is customary: up to forty kilograms from each tree.To obtain fruits, gloves made of cloth are used, removing the fruits from the tree along with a thick stalk.
For maximum safety of the fetus, you need to follow the recommendations below:
- the fruit is moved to a room with regular ventilation, darkened, the humidity should be no more than eighty-five percent, and the temperature indicator should be up to one degree.
- put the fruits in a box made of wood with wooden shavings, each pear must be wrapped in craft.
- overripe or infected fruits are destroyed.
- fruits must be sorted regularly.
You can freeze the harvest in the refrigerator, stored in a cut form for up to a day.
Diseases and pests
Hera's pear is resistant to the attack of various diseases, for example, scab, septoria, however, parasites and diseases are known that can bring the tree to death.
Black cancer attacks foliage, branches and crops. To eliminate this ailment, the infected bark must be removed, the trunk must be treated with garden varnish. Intact branches are sprayed with copper sulfate.
For monilliosis, rotting of the crop located on the shoots is inherent. Infected and fallen on the soil, the fruits are collected and destroyed, the pear is treated as a prophylaxis with chemical agents.
For powdery dew, the formation of a snow-white bloom on the foliage is inherent. With the progression of the disease, the foliage coagulates and falls. To eliminate the disease, chemical preparations are used.
The most dangerous pests are listed below:
- pear mite.
- aphid is green.
To eliminate parasites, all leaves must be removed and burned. It is necessary to dig up the soil, whitewash and timely survey the tree.
Pear Gera: reviews of gardeners
Samoilova Olga, twenty-nine years old, the city of Vladivostok
Pear Hera is a winter variety that won over me with its hardy character in relation to subzero temperatures. It is easier to care for a pear than for cacti. And the fruits are simply delicious.
Ivanov Ilya, forty-five years old, city of Michurinsk
At my dacha there are a couple of my favorite trees that bring a delicious harvest. The Hera pear tree makes me happy to this day. Do not regret that you bought a seedling ten years ago. I recommend to all!
The characteristics of this variety and the opinions of summer residents confirm that the amount of harvest is large, and the agricultural technology is extremely simple. Pear Hera bears fruit well on neutral ground. The fruits can be transported long distances and stored for a long time.