Persimmon: how to properly grow from a stone?
Due to its shape and color, persimmon is often compared to the sun, which we need so much on cold and cloudy days. Biting off the persimmon, you can feel how quickly it disappears on the tongue, leaving only a couple of small brown seeds. It is becoming more and more difficult to acquire persimmons, since ripe and juicy fruits quickly disappear from store shelves, and we do not need unripe fruits. Why go to the store or the market in search of a delicious persimmon, if you can grow it yourself, using a fresh fruit bone as a planting material. After reading this article, you can independently grow a persimmon from a stone at home without any problems, as well as learn how to properly care for it.
Persimmon seed as planting material
Why is the method of planting fresh seed persimmons good? It contains a large amount of vitamins and minerals that promote plant growth. However, all of them will not be enough for the entire growth of the persimmon, so do not forget about the composition of the soil where the persimmon will grow. Experienced gardeners and summer residents recommend a land rich in minerals, with a lumpy structure and a low level of acid. Remember to keep the soil loose at all times. In the absence of such soil on your site, simply purchase a mixture of vermiculite and sand or turf soil.
We also recommend purchasing a ceramic container in a specialized store for placing persimmons in it, an approximate width of ten centimeters. You should not purchase a pot or any other container with a larger diameter, since the probability of soil acidification is very high. The root system at that time will not be highly developed and will not take up the entire space of the ceramic container.
Persimmon is not a moisture-loving plant, it is advised to create a drainage layer at the bottom. The top layer of the earth is thoroughly moistened. The moisture will reduce the amount of soil, so add additional soil.
To begin with, it is necessary to completely cleanse our planting material from the pulp, wash it in warm and clean water, and then you can select better quality bones. Choose large bones that are free from defects and dry them thoroughly. Then place the planting material in a ceramic pot one to two centimeters deep. Remember that we plant each bone in a separate container. This is done in order not to harm the root system in the future during the transplantation. When planting planting material in one large container, a distance of at least ten centimeters between each plant should be observed.
People who have already grown persimmons on their own are advised to use only fresh seeds, since the likelihood that persimmons will rise from a lying planting material is extremely small. As a last resort, try placing them in a growth stimulating solution.
We are waiting for the persimmon to rise
The homeland of persimmons is China, therefore it is problematic to grow this beautiful fruit in our country. It is necessary to keep the plant in constant warmth and moderate humidity. In Russia, the fruit is found more often by mid-autumn or winter. Find a place to plant persimmons without strong and cold winds. It is not recommended to put the plant on the windowsill in winter, the best place is opposite the radiator.
Once again, we recall the importance of the humidity level; to maintain it, it is recommended to cover the container with persimmon with a thick film.To prevent the bone from deteriorating under the film, remove it two to three times a day. When removing a thick film - water.
How to properly care for persimmon?
It usually takes eight to fifteen days for the seed to germinate. We remove the dense film only after the germination of the sprouts. We loosen the soil very carefully. If you find dirt on the leaves, remove it.
Home care does not require much effort, all that needs to be done is:
- Timely soil moisture.
- Regular loosening of the soil.
- Use a spray bottle twice daily.
- Timely and discreet feeding from March to the end of August, twice every thirty days.
If you notice that the persimmon is growing fast enough and the capacity is small, immediately move it to a large container. For the first three years, replanting is necessary every spring.
Persimmon state of dormancy
At a height of thirty-five to forty centimeters, you should begin to pinch the shoots to start branching. It also contributes to the formation of a spherical crown.
If desired, it is possible to plant a plant in open ground, just keep in mind that the site must have a sufficient amount of sunlight and not have cold and strong winds. However, you will have to move the plant to fresh air even if it has become indoor, it is enough to put it on the balcony in the evening in the evening.
Make sure that the plant is not damaged by direct sunlight.
At rest, move the plant to a cool place. After dropping the foliage - in the coldest. Keep the temperature around three to five degrees. Cover the trunk of the persimmon with sawdust and moisten it with a spray bottle.
And the fruits will surely be?
Only under stressful or favorable conditions, the plant will never bear fruit for you. A balance must be struck between the two types of conditions. It is not recommended to feed the plant with nitrogen fertilizers, as they reduce the rate of fruiting.
The flowering process takes place in the third - fourth years of life. Due to the variety of varieties, there are varieties with no pits and no pollination process. For example, "Sidles", "Costata". Some cannot exist without the pollination process. For example, Gailey, Maru. To improve the taste of the most famous variety "Korolek", a pollination process should be carried out.
As you understood from the article, you do not need to spend all your free time growing persimmons. Its cultivation and care is not very different from other plants.