How to grow a cactus at home?
Recently, the cactus has become very popular for growing at home. And it's understandable why, because many people want to get themselves such small, cute and fluffy plants.
Cactus: the right choice for growing at home
There are a huge number of cactus species, but gardeners distinguish these precisely because they are really beautiful and can be grown at home.
Mammillaria - a variety that has the shape of a ball, can do without moisture and looks quite cute.
Cereus - has a long shape, high growth. The spines are long enough. Beautiful flowers also grow on it.
Echinopsis - a species with very small stature. It has the shape of a ball and many thorns with flowers.
When choosing a variety, I advise you to pay attention not to the appearance of the plant. Take one where there is no damage or stains.
Cactus and Choosing the Right Pot.
Choosing a cactus pot is a very serious matter. After all, this can affect the plant.
The pot should be made of clay or plastic. You should not choose a pot of another material as these are the best ones.
Gardeners advise taking a square-shaped pot. This will significantly save energy, space and time. Because it is in this form that a larger number of plants can be accommodated.
The process of planting a cactus.
We spread part of the drainage or coarse sand at the bottom. We put the second part of the drainage on the surface after the ground.
It is necessary to plant a cactus in late April or early May. If you plan to replant a cactus, do so at the same time of year. After planting in the ground, the soil should be tamped a little, and the plant should be watered.
The process of caring for a cactus.
Caring for a cactus does not require huge efforts and a lot of time.
In spring and summer, the plant needs to be watered once every two days.
In the fall, the plant needs to be watered once a week.
In winter, the plant needs to be watered once every one and a half weeks.
Place and light.
Cacti are picky about a certain place. They love to be exposed to the sun's rays, so plant them on a windowsill or balcony. I advise you to take the plant to fresh air in the summer. In winter, cacti prefer to stay in the shade at a temperature of fifteen degrees Celsius.
Like many plants, cacti have a danger and predisposition to certain pests. But how to deal with them?
This is the most popular type of pest. They look like this: large white insects in the form of lumps. They usually settle on stems. Dealing with them is easy. You just need to rinse the stem with water heated to fifty degrees.
Like mealybugs, they look like large white patches. However, the fight against them is more difficult. To do this, they need to be scraped off with alcohol.
If you see rust or non-natural yellowing on a cactus, spider mites are found there. Fighting them is easy, you can choose any method to fix the problem. To do this, wipe it with a cloth soaked in water or soaked in alcohol. You can also remove them with pyrethroids.
Rare enough pests. If you see any incomprehensible, strange swellings on a cactus, most likely nematodes are found there. To remove them, you need to cut off the place where they live and rinse with hot water.
I think that growing and caring for a cactus will not be a big deal.But you can be inspired by such a cute furry at any time!