Why doesn't cabbage yield a crop?
Cabbage is one of the most frequently grown crops in the summer cottage. From this, it would seem, we can conclude that the cultivation of a crop does not present any difficulties and there is one hundred percent certainty that a large harvest of cabbage and its large green heads of cabbage can be harvested by autumn.
In fact this is not true. Many gardeners are faced with the fact that instead of a head of cabbage, the plant forms only a rosette of leaves already beginning to rot, and the heads of cabbage are more like small and very loose balls.
What is the reason that the cabbage harvest was poor? There are actually several reasons for such a poor harvest, and even one of them can significantly affect the growth and development of cabbage culture.
The first reason that a bad harvest of cabbage has grown, is that initially the seeds bought in the store were of poor quality. These may not be cabbage seeds, but cabbage hybrid seeds that are not suitable for growing in your area.
Or the seeds that were previously harvested from cabbage were already initially heavily pollinated with vegetables of the same family (this option is possible if the cabbage was planted on the same garden bed or near similar vegetable crops).
Often, only cabbage leaves grow from such seeds, since it does not have the strength to tie heads. Unfortunately, it will not be possible to fix this with any miraculous and expensive fertilizing. For this reason, the choice of cabbage seeds must be approached with extreme care and thoroughness.
Another reason is that sometimes cabbage is grown from old seeds. With proper proper care, such plants seem to be well developed, they are always green and grow quite quickly.
But as soon as the time comes for the heads of cabbage to form between the leaves of the cabbage, it turns out that they cannot do this. The apex stops developing and begins to dry out rapidly, mucus appears on it, which means a disease of the apex with mucous bacteriosis.
The growth of cabbage and the formation of heads of cabbage can be affected by various insect pests. Even during the sprouts of cabbage sprouts, cruciferous fleas can damage it, and at the beginning of the formation of a head of cabbage, it can suffer from caterpillars and cabbage moths. Therefore, it is necessary to timely protect cabbage from various kinds of pests.
Next reason may be that the cabbage was hit by the keel. This could happen if a number of rules for crop rotation were not followed or if the schedule for mandatory liming of the soil was not followed. It is also possible that the keel was brought in by yourself on the soles of your shoes or together with organic fertilizers or water for irrigation.
If the cabbage is young, then it can simply die, but if it is already an adult, strengthened plant, its leaves will quickly turn yellow and lose their freshness, while the heads of cabbage turn out to be very small. The root system also suffers. Swelling and noticeable growths form on the roots, which, of course, interfere with the development and growth of the cabbage culture.
For this reason, if you know that the soil in your garden is acidic, and the plant, even with good care, wilts inexorably, and the lower leaves begin to cuddle to the ground, you can be sure that the plant is infected with a keel.
Another reason - cabbage fly. This harmful insect is capable of causing enormous damage to the cabbage crop. At the same time, outwardly, it is almost identical to an ordinary house fly. Especially on rainy days, it provokes its appearance and reproduction.
Until the beginning of July, the fly lays its larvae close to the stalk of the cabbage, and after a week, small pests hatch from the eggs. They gnaw the roots of cabbage, eat up passages in the roots, thereby ruining the culture.
Next error - too dark place for planting cabbage bushes. Cabbage is very light-requiring, especially when it comes to white cabbage. In the shade, she can also grow heads of cabbage, but they will take much longer to form and turn out to be loose and small. Surprisingly, even a few hours in the shade can reduce the yield of cabbage heads.
Also a mistake planting is too close. Close proximity to their own kind prevents the cabbage from tying large heads of cabbage, even with good proper care of the crop and the absence of pests. Therefore, the plants must be planted at a sufficiently large distance from each other.
Very serious reason it may also be that the soil lacks nitrogen. Even early cabbage varieties need to be fed at least twice. This should be done not when you remembered about it, but according to a clearly established schedule in advance. It is advisable to carry out the first feeding when the leaves have reached their maximum growth, and the second when the heads of cabbage have just formed.
It should also be borne in mind that cabbage grown in the northern regions needs nitrogen-containing dressings more than others, since in such areas it is still quite cool in spring. In this regard, nutrients for crop growth are not enough.
Fertilizers from mullein are quite effective (you can buy it in specialized stores). Simultaneously with such feeding, it will be good to immediately huddle crops.
And the most important thing. Cabbage is an extremely moisture-loving crop. Sometimes, if you suspect a disease or poor appearance of the cabbage, it is enough just to start watering it, and the heads of cabbage can grow hard and large.