Tomato is one of the most popular vegetables; it is grown by everyone from small to large. But inexperienced gardeners occasionally encounter small yields, which is a little disappointing. Do not rush to get upset, most likely the variety you have chosen does not suit the climatic conditions and soil. A rich selection of tomato varieties gives you a choice, and you can find exactly your vegetable. Today we will talk about the Dutch guest who received its beautiful name in honor of the great Russian poet Leo Nikolaevich Tolstoy. Tomato Tolstoy f1 can be called the pride of breeders breeding it, full compliance with all the declared characteristics. It is also not an unimportant moment in the ease and simplicity of care.
Tomato Tolstoy: description and characteristics of the variety
Tolstoy tomatoes: variety photo
For everyone who wants to study the Tolstoy tomato variety to the smallest detail, we can say for sure that you will find a sea of detailed information in special literature. In this article, we highlight the main characteristics.
Tomato Tolstoy f1 is dearly loved by experienced gardeners for the fact that it grows well and develops not only in hotbeds and greenhouses, but also in the open field. This variety belongs to the medium early, the ripening period of the crop from the moment of sowing to harvesting varies from 110 to 112 days.
One of the main advantages of the Tolstoy tomato variety can safely be attributed to the duration of fruiting, growing a tomato in a greenhouse with heating can count on a triple harvest.
The tomato bush Tolstoy F1 is quite tall, so when choosing this variety, prepare for the fact that the plant will need to be supported by a trellis. The Tolstoy tomato is tied up completely including the brushes, and one bush accounts for about 12 pieces of brushes. One brush gives about 11 fruits with a total weight of about 125 grams, it is not difficult to conclude that it will be difficult for the branches without a garter.
Characteristics of tomato fruits Tolstoy f1
Tomato Tolstoy: photo of the variety
The shape of the fruit of a tomato variety Tolstoy is round, slightly depressed, has some ribbing at the place of attachment with the stalk. The largest specimens are located on the lower racemes. There is evidence that the fruits can reach a mass of half a kilogram. The size of the tomato decreases in size from the lower brushes to the upper ones, it is interesting that at the same time as the ripening process new flowers are formed on the brushes.
The tomato peel is Tolstoy without flaws, dense, absolutely even, smooth and shimmers with a glossy shine. A brush dotted with fruits ripens almost at the same time, tomatoes do not burst from overripe. The variety has excellent transportation qualities, is not subject to mechanical damage and can tolerate delivery well over long distances.
Having studied the many reviews of gardeners and vegetable growers, one can note their positive attitude and characteristics of taste, the juicy pulp will not leave anyone indifferent. The fruits are sweet and, unlike many of their relatives, do not have a sour taste, but you can notice a slight fruity aroma. Each tomato has 5-6 chambers with seeds located in them.
After the tomato has passed the ovary stage and forms a fruit, its color will change from swamp green to bright red, which will indicate its technical maturity.The volumes of the Tolstoy tomato harvest are large, one plant per season may well bring you up to 15 kilograms of delicious vegetables.
Even if planted in the shady side, the yield of a Tolstoy tomato will not decrease, in addition, you will not lose in the quantity and quality of fruits, even if planted in open ground.
The indicators of tomato resistance to diseases will also delight you, the plant is not susceptible to: fungal infection of Fusarium, olive brown spot, verticillary wilting and tobacco mosaic.
Tomato Tolstoy: photo of the variety
Use and storage
Tomato variety Tolstoy, in accordance with its characteristics, is saturated with amino acids and vitamins. This vegetable can be safely included in the lists of healthy and dietary foods.
Phytosterol, or in other words, steroid alcohol, improves male potency. Lycopene helps neutralize free radicals and helps reduce cancer. A rich complex of trace elements: potassium, calcium, magnesium and other useful vitamins improve immunity.
Tolstoy tomatoes are great for baby food, but do not forget that babies are introduced to all products gradually and you need to monitor the body's response.
We can say that the fruits of Tolstoy tomatoes are universal. Ripe fruits are used in conservation, fresh salads and added to garnish. In the process of pickling, the variety does not change its shape and practically does not change its density. Experienced chefs recommend exactly the Tolstoy tomato variety for making fresh juices, sugar and salt are added to taste. But the most interesting thing is that not only red technically mature fruits are used in cooking, but green ones are also used in pickles and pickling.
Due to the fact that the Tolstoy tomato gives bulk yields, the subtleties of storage are of great interest to beginners who have chosen this variety. Since in our latitudes the ripening process is prolonged in our climatic conditions, technically all the tomatoes do not have time to ripen. But let this moment not bother you, the fruits ripen perfectly even at home. Storage periods can be up to six months.
Note that Tolstoy tomatoes left to ripen do not lose their qualities during this process.
Disadvantages of tomato Tolstoy
Basically, in the descriptions of the Tolstoy tomato variety, you will find only the pros, but we cannot get away from the minuses. Let's designate them:
- In poorly fertilized soil, with a lack of nutrients and microelements, development slows down, the number of brushes decreases, and the mass of fruits decreases.
- Although the Tolstoy tomato variety is grown outdoors, greenhouses are still preferable for it. In open areas, the plant does not receive the necessary heat and begins to slow down its growth.
- Tolstoy tomato is very susceptible to late blightespecially in cloudy weather. And it makes no difference whether you grow the plant in a greenhouse or in the open field. The disease can completely destroy the plant, if you do not start a timely fight against the disease.
Growing tomato Tolstoy f1
Tolstoy tomatoes: variety photo
Having studied all the features of the variety, its description of cultivation will be given to you easily, and the yield of tomato Tolstoy will delight in volume and taste.
Sowing tomato seeds Tolstoy f1
Sowing tomato seeds Tolstoy f1 is performed in early spring, or more precisely, in the last days of March. Fill a shallow, elongated bowl 2/3 full with light soil. It is important to remember that for the tomato variety Tolstoy, acidic soil will not work. The ideal would be a mixture of earth with humus, and fed with wood ash. To avoid contamination of seeds, the soil is treated with a weak solution of potassium permanganate in a hot state.
Before sowing, Tolstoy tomato seeds require processing to disinfect them, hydrogen peroxide or the same weak solution of potassium permanganate is perfect for such a procedure, but not in boiling water as described above, but in lukewarm water. To accelerate seed germination, they are placed in a growth stimulator for twelve hours.
Seeds of tomatoes of the Tolstoy variety are dipped into the prepared ground by one and a half centimeters, covered with film or glass, and left in a warm place until shoots appear. Basically, the first seedlings appear after about 5 days. Containers with sprouted seedlings are placed in a sunny place, watering as needed, be sure to avoid drying out the top layer of the earth.
The transfer of seedlings of the Tolstoy tomato variety into individual containers is carried out after the formation of three leaves. The transplant soil must be enriched with trace elements so that the young plant can receive everything it needs for growth.
Remember that fertilizing the soil within reasonable limits will never be superfluous.
After transferring Tolstoy's tomato seedlings to their "own" pot, the young plant is removed from the sunny side for several days, and after the allotted time is returned to its original place. In case of a lack of sunlight, home incandescent lamps are perfect as a supplement.
Track the amount of water while watering, do not allow excess moisture, which can lead to stagnation. For better air exchange, it is necessary to loosen the soil, you need to work with the tool carefully only on the surface of the soil, otherwise you can cause serious damage to the roots of the plant.
- As the seedlings grow, the plant is constantly rotated to get even light, which in turn will give you thick trunks and even distribution of leaves.
- It is possible to transplant Tolstoy tomatoes to a permanent place in a greenhouse, greenhouse or open ground only if the air temperature is constantly warm, when frosts no longer threaten your planting.
- Tomato Tolstoy f1 is transplanted into an open place under constant temperature conditions not lower than plus 15 degrees.
- Before proceeding with the above processes, young seedlings must be hardened, which will allow them to adapt more easily.
- The soil of a permanent planting site needs preliminary preparation, it is dug up, moistened and fed with fertilizers.
The planting scheme is as follows between the bushes 40 cm, the row spacing is not more than 60 cm. After planting, water the young plant with warm water and repeat after a week. It is necessary to monitor soil moisture, since excess is bad for the plant as well as deficiency.
The harvest of Tolstoy tomato can be consumed throughout the season, and those tomatoes that did not have time to ripen by frost will ripen at home.
Increasing resistance to diseases and pests
Tomatoes Tolstoy f1: photo of the variety
Better than fighting the disease can only be its prevention, it is thanks to it that you will avoid many problems with planting and will not lose your harvest. If you have an excellent greenhouse and you say that growing tomatoes in it is not the first year, then be sure to remove the top layer of earth before preparing the soil for a fresh planting, and fill it with soil from the ridges of beans or cabbage. For disinfection, all surfaces are treated, including soil, with copper sulfate or with a smoke bomb.
According to the characteristics provided by the breeders, the tomato sotr Tolstoy has excellent immunity to most diseases and is not susceptible to infections of nightshades. But you must admit that prevention is never superfluous. This statement is relevant for greenhouse tomatoes, but not applicable to those grown outdoors. When planting tomatoes of the Tolstoy variety in open ground and in order to avoid fungal diseases, the soil must be cultivated.
Straw or peat is best for mulching the space between rows, so you protect your plantings from pests. Almost all tomato varieties, and the Tolstoy f1 tomato variety are no exception, can be attacked by insect pests such as moths or whiteflies.To avoid this, constantly inspect your plants, and at the first sign of damage, do not hesitate and carry out the treatment with the means intended for this. One of the ways to control pests is tea bags treated with iodine, as well as constant airing of greenhouses, which will reduce humidity and make an unfavorable environment for the pest.
Ammonia will help open plantings, it will protect your tomatoes from the main danger, from the Colorado potato beetle.
Tomato Tolstoy: video about the variety
Tomato Tolstoy: reviews of gardeners who planted
Svetlana, 24 years old, Vladivostok.
I do not like to bother with greenhouses, so several varieties of tomatoes grow on my site, among them there is also a tomato variety Tolstoy F1. For me, his disease resistance is happiness. Taste qualities to the liking of all family members. During the season, I cook with them a delicious salad with the addition of actually grown onions, and for the winter I preserve both tomatoes separately and in an assortment with other vegetables.
Margarita, 55 years old, Semrino village.
I grow tomato Tolstoy f1 in a greenhouse, my husband made it out of improvised means and the variety takes root well in it. I am pleased with the amount of harvest from the bushes, and the beauty in the process of ripening is pleasant aesthetically. Of course, I enjoy fresh, harvested fruits, but for the winter period I also make sure to harvest canned food. In addition, some of them are quietly preserved until the New Year, without losing any of their wonderful qualities.
Georgy, 47 years old, Syktyvkar.
I am not an expert and I do not grow crops for sale, it is rather my outlet. On the site I have a rich selection of varieties and among them there is a Tolstoy tomato. With this variety, I do not know the trouble, only pluses in terms of taste and care. For 5 seasons, I have not yet treated him for diseases. I recommend the Tosltoy tomato variety to everyone, you will not regret it.