Growing adenium and reproduction at home
Adenium is also called the "Rose of the Desert". This shrub originally grew only in Africa, in the wild they grow up to 10 meters, but growing adenium at home gives bushes no more than 40 cm.Adenium flowers are somewhat similar to roses, but the plant sap is poisonous. Thanks to its thick stems, this flower tolerates drought well, because it is in them that it accumulates water.
Adenium plant: species and varieties
Adenium obessum (Adenium Obesum) - also called obese. This plant grows up to 1.5 meters in height, and in summer it blooms with a large number of flowers with white, red or white petals.
Adenium obessum: plant photo
Adenium multiflorous (Adenium multiflorum) - This species can grow up to 2.5 meters high and has a huge variety of flowers.
Adenium multiflorous: photo of a plant
Bohman's adenium (Adenium boehmianum) - this species is the least known, but special due to the color of its flowers, they are lilac-pink or bluish-white.
Bohman's adenium: photo of a plant
Adenium: growing conditions
Growing adenium is a little difficult, as it is quite whimsical. He needs a certain temperature, light, watering and fertilization. But if all the conditions are met, the plant will delight with its beauty for a long time.
Adenium is propagated by seeds, apical cuttings, air layers and grafting.
When planting seeds, you should always take into account that they have a very poor germination capacity. They are sown from late February to early March. Before planting, the seeds must be soaked in warm water for an hour. In a sowing container, mix the earth with sand and add a little charcoal there. Seeds are sown in damp ground, covered with foil and placed in a very warm place.
Seedlings begin to appear after a week, then remove the film and put the container on the window. Seedlings require a lot of light, so they need a lamp for additional lighting. You need to water the seedlings little by little and not often, otherwise the roots can rot. After the second pair of leaves appears on the plants, they need to be planted in separate pots.
Growing adenium at home with cuttings
Growing adenium by cuttings: photo
Adenium is propagated by apical cuttings in spring, but this is a little difficult, because cuttings are prone to decay. Cuttings are cut, treated with charcoal and dried. Then you can plant it in a pot and keep it on the windowsill at a temperature not lower than 21 degrees. It is important to monitor the soil, water it carefully so that there is no waterlogging of the soil. After about a month, the cuttings will take root and can be planted in a permanent place.
Reproduction and cultivation of adenium at home with air layers should start in late spring or early summer. On a thick shoot, a shallow cut is made in a circle and left to dry. After it dries up, the incision site is treated with stimulants and wrapped in an opaque film, under the film it needs to be periodically moistened a little, and somewhere in a month roots will appear, the cuttings can be cut off from the bush and transplanted to a permanent place.
It is best to graft on oleander, then the young plant is more resistant to everything, and blooms better. To graft the plant on the rootstock and the scion, make the same cuts and connect them. The temperature during vaccination should be around 30 degrees.The air should be humid, and you need any sprouts at the rootstock right away, only this should be done very carefully, remembering that the juice of this flower is poisonous.
Home care for adenium
Care and cultivation of adenium is not as difficult as it seems initially. The flower needs direct sunlight, but after winter the flower needs to be re-accustomed to it gradually. The best temperature for him is from 25 to 30 degrees, in summer it is advisable to take the flower out into the fresh air more often. And in winter, the temperature should not drop below 12 degrees, otherwise the roots may simply overcool and the flower will wither.
Watering the plant in the summer should be regular and moderate, because it does not tolerate waterlogging, between watering the soil in the pot must have time to dry out. In winter, in the coolness, the flower is rarely watered. Moreover, you need to water adenium at the root, and in no case should water get on the flowers.
Top dressing is applied to it from late spring to early autumn, every month in moderation. And in the spring, if necessary, the flower is pruned for rejuvenation and the formation of a bush.
Every spring, young plants must be transplanted, but adults are transplanted as needed, when transplanting, adenium cannot be watered immediately, I begin to do this only after a few days.
That's all the rules for growing this fairly large plant with beautiful large flowers.
Growing adenium at home: video
Growing adenium at home: video
Adenium: photo of a plant
Adenium plant: photo of flowers