Apple tree Florina
Several varieties of Stankinga, Gaudin, Delicious and Jonathan were crossed and a new variety was born, which was named Florina. Experiments and experiments were carried out by French breeders-scientists. In 1940, scientists began their scientific work on plant crossing. The Florina apple variety appeared 49 years ago, and at the same time it is considered popular and is often grown in orchards, vegetable gardens, parks and other places. Florina's apple tree can not only bear fruit, but it also beautifies the territory with its presence. A very important aspect in choosing this variety is its fruits, they are very tasty and have a wonderful aroma.
Florina apple variety: photo
Apple tree Florina: variety description
Apple tree Florina belongs to the winter varieties... On average, the tree reaches 360-370 centimeters in height. The branches are quite thick and strong, the interesting thing is that I can grow absolutely under different degrees of measure from 40 to 90 degrees. The crown of the variety resembles the shape of a ball. The crown density is high, so regular pruning and shaping of the tree should be done. In this case, the density of the crown does not depend on the soil. Shoots grow very quickly at a young age, and this must be taken into account.
Since almost all apple trees are self-fertile, pollinating trees should be planted next to them. But they can be replaced with other apple varieties. For example, varieties Gloucester, Rubinov, Priam and others.
The apple tree is a medium-ripening variety. Florin apples can be harvested in the second half of September, 20-24. If the harvest is not fully ripe due to weather conditions, then the harvest can last until the 14th of October. Each fruit weighs about 180 grams, they are yellow in color and have a rich red blush that spreads throughout the fruit. The peel of Florina apples is quite thick and dense, each fruit has a small layer of plaque and there are small blotches on the peel.
Florin apples description
The fruits are round, and the surface of the apples has slight irregularities. Experts assess the taste of the fruit as 6 out of 10 points, it is sweet, but unpleasant, so the assessment is exactly that. The fruit inside is very soft, the aroma is mesmerizing. Due to the rather thick shell around the pulp, the fruits are excellent for transportation and transportation, while not spoiling or changing their taste and appearance.
The storage of apples is long-term, but must be stored using a refrigerator or a dry cellar. So the apples will be able to lie as long as possible, while it is worth noting that the more they lie, the more aroma they have.
How quickly fruiting will occur depends only on the apple rootstocks. If the stock is dwarf, then the apple tree will begin to bear fruit only 2 years after planting, and if the stock is medium-sized, then after 4 years. You do not need to use a vigorous stock, because it will be very difficult to pollinate such a plant.
A young apple tree on average bears about 8-9 kilograms of fruit, but an adult tree bears up to 65 kilograms. A young apple tree is considered when it is not yet 10 years old, after which it is considered an adult plant.
Drought and frost resistant
Drought and frost resistance of the Florina cultivar is at an average level. It is usually planted in warm or temperate climates.In cold winters, the tree should be well covered.
Apple variety Florina: photo
The Florin apple tree has a very strong immune system that can cope with scab, powdery mildew, various types of burns and other diseases. But European cancer can still infect a plant, it has minimal resistance to it.
What can be prepared from fruits?
The fruits can be used almost universally. Apples are suitable for making juices, cider, salads, desserts, snacks, compotes, but the variety is not suitable for preservation.
Florina apples: photo
Pros and cons of the Florina variety
- The fruit has a long shelf life while retaining its flavor.
- They tolerate transportation and transportation well, even over long distances.
- A strong immune system that is resistant to a variety of diseases.
- The fruit is tasty and has a pleasant aroma.
- Apples have a beautiful appearance, so they can be used for sale.
Florina has only one drawback, which is the frequency of fruiting. The variety does not bear fruit every 3 years. But if we carry out the rationing of the ovaries, then the apple tree will bear fruit in the third year too.
Apple Florina: when to plant?
Planting is carried out either in the spring or in the autumn. If planting occurs in the spring, then this should be done before bud break. Usually planted in the second half of April. In the autumn, planting is carried out in the second half of October, but in good weather, disembarkation can be carried out even until the end of October.
The Florina apple tree should grow in a well-lit area, at best the soil should be black earth, the clay soil is also well suited for growing apple trees. The most important indicator of the soil is its acidity. It should be neutral in acidity. With high acidity, the apple tree will grow slowly and yield little yield. Dolomite flour or lime can be used to change the acidity of the soil.
A certain amount of lime is used for each soil. For example, for sandy soil, 450 grams per square meter should be used, for super sandy soil, 550 grams per square meter should be used. For loamy soil, 900 grams per square meter is used, for clayey about 1100 grams per square meter, and for peat-boggy soil, 1500 grams per square meter.
Preparing the pit for planting
Before planting, you should dig a hole for the Florin apple tree sapling, it should be spacious, about 120 centimeters wide and 80 centimeters deep. The root system of the plant should be freely positioned in the hole. Experienced gardeners recommend digging a hole as much as possible so that the plant feels comfortable in it.
Note: When filling up the root system, only fertile soil should be used, which will be mixed with peat and a small amount of mineral dressing.
- At the bottom of the pit, it is necessary to form a small hill from fertile soil.
- On a hill, it is necessary to install the root system of the Florin apple tree sapling.
- The roots spread well, but this is done carefully so as not to damage the plant.
- Next to the pit, you need to insert a column, which will serve as a support for the apple tree.
- Then the root system is covered with earth and carefully compacted.
- Florin apple seedlings are well watered.
Watering the apple tree depends only on the condition of the soil. If it is hot for a long time and there is no rain, then watering is done more often so that the tree does not dry out. The soil should be checked for moisture regularly, especially when ovaries are forming.
- Watering for the first time is necessary after all the buds have bloomed.
- The second time the olive is carried out 2 weeks after flowering.
- 2-2.5 weeks before the fruit is harvested.
- Mid October.
- Before wintering.
The watering rate must always be observed.The age of the tree in this lana is very important, as an older tree needs more water. A young apple seedling Florina is usually watered with 5-7 buckets of water, but an adult plant absorbs about 13-14 buckets of water. Watering should be carried out so that the liquid is absorbed 50-70 centimeters deep. Otherwise, the plant does not absorb moisture, since it does not reach its roots.
Note: With the correct watering, the yield increases by 15-25%.
Fertilization is a rather important step in caring for Florin's apple tree. By introducing mineral fertilizers, they increase the growth rate of shoots. If very regular fertilization is carried out, then the apple tree will become weak and its immune system will deteriorate. Therefore, excess fertilizer should be avoided and applied in moderation. Moreover, if there is an excess of mineral fertilizing in the soil, aphids will begin to attack the tree, therefore the litter is fed with nitrogen fertilizers 1 time per season, and the rest of the fertilizing is applied with potassium and phosphorus.
Wood ash can also be used, as it improves the chemical composition of the soil well. Such feeding can be carried out several times per season. The amount of ash added depends only on the size of the apple tree crown. For each meter of the crown of the tree, 1.5-2 kilograms of the substance must be used. It is introduced only by the root method.
A manganese solution is also used for fertilization; it disinfects the soil and root system. Such feeding is carried out once every two months.
It is necessary to normalize the ovaries in order to solve the problems of the apple tree with the fact that in the third year it may not bear fruit.
- Normalization should be done 15 days after the plant begins to bloom.
- During this period, the flowers are well opened, so strong flowers must be left, and the rest must be removed so that they do not interfere with the development of others.
- The fruits should be about 15-20 centimeters apart.
- Before pruning excess flowers, shake the branches a little. This is necessary in order for the weak flowers to fall off themselves.
Preparation for wintering
If the Florin variety is grown in temperate climates, then it is necessary to prepare the apple tree for winter so that it does not die.
- First you need to wrap the bottom of the trunk with rags.
- Then the wood is whitewashed several times. Mandatory at the end of the autumn period, and with the onset of the spring period.
- Around the tree, close to the trunk, mulching must be carried out using foliage, which must be treated with urea.
- This is the preparation for the winter season of the Florina variety.