Apple tree Lada
The apple tree is a very popular fruit tree that can be found on almost every site. Currently, there are a large number of apple varieties that differ from each other not only in taste and appearance, but also in the rules of cultivation, as well as the timing of harvesting and storage of fruits. In this article, we will consider the Lada apple tree, which is considered a winter variety, and is characterized by a very high resistance to frost.
When storing the fruits of the Lada apple tree, one should maintain one air temperature, and store the fruits in wooden or plastic containers. If you follow the storage rules, then the crop can lie, retaining its external taste for up to five months.
Apple tree Lada: variety description and characteristics
Apple tree Lada: photo of the variety
The Lada apple tree grows medium in size, while young seedlings have great vigor. The crown of this plant has the shape of a ball, medium thickening and with a large number of leaves. The branches may droop a little. The trunk height reaches no more than 3 meters, the bark has a brown tint, and the bottom can be green. The rest of the branches have a curved shape, and they are characterized by strong pubescence.
The leaves of the Lada apple tree are oblong and curved in the middle. The top of the leaf plate is pointed, and along the edge the entire edge is finely serrated. The color of the leaves is bright green.
The buds of the Lada apple tree are distinguished by a pink tint, while the flowers bloom already white and have a very pleasant pronounced aroma, and are also characterized by a large size.
Lada apples are rounded and slightly ribbed. The weight of each fruit is about 40 g. The light peel is completely covered with a bright saturated blush. After the harvest has lain for some time, the color of the peel becomes purple. Lada apples also have a thin skin. The pulp has a very sweet dessert taste and is distinguished by its softness and a lot of juice.
The apple tree of the Lada variety was bred in Krasnoyarsk at an experimental fruit growing station by professional breeders. The hybrid was obtained by crossing the Ranetki Leletino and Papirovka varieties.
The culture was recommended for cultivation for the East Siberian territory. However, the apple tree began to be actively cultivated in the gardens of the Krasnoyarsk Territory.
The apple tree Lada can bear the first fruits 4 years after planting. Further, the periodicity in the yield is noted. About 2 kg of fruit can be removed from a young tree. As the apple tree matures, the amount of harvest increases, and by the age of 7, 1 apple tree can bring 14 kg of apples. If the apple tree grows in suitable climatic conditions and the necessary care has been taken for it, then the amount of harvest can reach 40 kg per tree.
Apple tree Lada: landing
To get a decent harvest, you should adhere to some rules when planting and caring. The optimal time for planting will be both early spring and mid-autumn, about a month before the onset of frost.
The main rule that you need to adhere to is landing in a warm warmed up ground. First, you need to prepare a planting hole so that it will stand for another month before a tree is planted and the earth settles. The pit should be approximately 70 cm or 1 meter in all directions.
When preparing the pit, do not mix the soil layers, since the soil is rich in nutrients on top. A drainage layer is laid out at the bottom, which is used as stones, sawdust or tin cans.
The upper fertile layer of earth is poured into the pit, in which a mixture of organic and mineral fertilizers is added. The prepared soil is poured into a pit, a mound is formed and a support peg is pre-installed.
A seedling of an apple tree Lada is placed on a mound, straightening the root system, which must necessarily be at the level of the ground, and then cover everything with the remaining layer of soil. A young tree should be immediately tied to a support so that the wind and bad weather do not damage the fragile trunk. After planting the apple tree, you need to water it abundantly and loosen the ground around it.
Apple tree Lada: care
Like any fruit tree, the Lada apple tree needs certain care, which includes removing weeds, loosening watering and feeding. It is not necessary to apply fertilizers only in the first year of planting, since they were applied to the planting pit. Starting from the second year, periodically nitrogen-containing, potassium-containing and phosphorus-containing preparations should be introduced.
In the autumn, you need to prepare the apple variety Lada for the winter months and cover its trunk from the attack of rodents. To do this, you can wrap it with mesh, spruce branches or other covering material. In addition, the roots of the plant should be protected from the upcoming frost. A thick layer of manure or soil can be used. It is very important to whitewash the tree trunk and the base of the skeletal branches 5 years after planting.
Like any tree, the crown of the Lada apple tree needs to be shaped, as this will affect the quantity and quality of the future harvest. It is imperative to remove old, diseased, dry branches. All cut sites are treated with garden pitch. Pruning is best done in the spring. It is very good to combine pruning with fertilizing and watering the tree.
Diseases and pests
The apple tree Lada has low resistance to common diseases, in particular to scab, where the leaves of the plant are affected. Scab is a fungal disease and is characterized by the presence of light spots on the leaves, after which they become brown and can increase their affected area. Scab responds well to treatment, but it is best to carry out preventive measures, which consist in timely pruning, feeding and making sure that the soil is not waterlogged. When the first signs of the disease appear, all affected leaves should be removed from the burn. In the autumn, it is necessary to collect fallen leaves and put them in a compost pit, and you also need to dig up the soil. The root zone is usually watered with ammonium nitrate.
If folk remedies do not help, fungicides must be used to treat the disease. A drug such as Skor has proven itself very well. It should be prepared according to the instructions on the package. The optimal time for processing will be early spring. Further, you can process it with a solution of copper oxychloride or copper sulfate, after the tree has faded.
In addition to fungal diseases, the Lada apple tree can be attacked by various insect pests, which have a negative effect on the quantity and quality of the crop. For prophylactic purposes, as well as for medicinal purposes, a solution of copper sulfate, chlorophos, Bordeaux liquid and others are used. During processing, the air temperature must be positive.
It should be remembered that when using chemicals, treatment should be carried out before the apples appear, since insecticides can have a negative effect on the fruits.
For prevention purposes, it is imperative to whitewash the trunk of the Lada apple tree before the winter period, to clean the affected areas of the bark, where pests can hibernate. Any cracks in the trunk should be treated and pruned regularly every spring. To prevent the appearance of pests, wood ash can be used, which is very effective in the fight against aphids, as well as caterpillars.
Apple tree Lada: reviews of gardeners
Kristina Evgenievna, Chelyabinsk region: “The apple tree Lada has been growing in my garden relatively recently, but it has already managed to bypass some other varieties of apple trees on the site in terms of its characteristics. What I like most about the Lada apple is that the fruits stay ripe on the branch for a very long time and do not fall off. You can harvest the crop in late summer or early autumn, while Lada apples are stored almost until early spring. We use Lada apples both for fresh consumption and for preservation. "
Anastasia Stepanovna, Samara region: “The apple tree Lada for me has a large number of advantages, which include high external and taste qualities of fruits, their long keeping quality and the possibility of transportation. Lada apple trees have a very high frost resistance. The apple tree consistently brings a large amount of harvest. However, here it should be borne in mind that the apple variety Lada has a low immunity to scab, so I always carefully examine the tree. "