Apple Orlovskoe striped: photo, description, cultivation
The article presents the Orlovskoe striped apple tree: photo, description, planting and growing rules.
Apple Orlovskoe striped: basic information
Apple-tree Orlovskoe striped
The Oryol striped apple is a variety that was bred by domestic gardeners back in 1957. Since then, the apple tree has gained particular popularity not only due to the fact that it has rather positive characteristics in growth, but also due to the abundant fruiting with tasty fruits. In order to get this apple variety, breeders crossed two varieties such as Mac and Bessemyanka Michurinsky.
About ten years after the breeding of the variety, in 1967 it was already recognized as an elite one, and it is recommended to plant it mainly in the Central region of our country. What features and characteristics this variety has, and why it is so popular and elite, we will tell you in more detail in this article. We will also touch on the intricacies of planting and subsequent care of the variety, since this information will be useful not only for novice gardeners, but also for gardeners who already have experience in growing apple trees, but are constantly looking for new and interesting varieties.
Apple Orlovskoe striped: photo, description of the variety and its main characteristics
Apple-tree Orlovskoe striped
The growth of the apple tree is rather at an average level, the tree has an attractive rounded crown, which becomes more spreading over time, as it changes under the weight of the fruit. The shoots are thick, very strong, dark cherry in color, the leaves are typical of any apple variety. In this case, the flowers are very large, fragrant, attractive to pollinating insects.
As for the fruits, they are large, their weight can reach 150 grams, the shape is round, sometimes slightly elongated, and in general the apples have a very attractive presentation. The main color of the skin is golden yellow. When the apples are ripe, densely spaced red stripes appear on them, and therefore the apples are then colored in a rich, bright red hue. The pulp is creamy, sweet, juicy, crunches when bitten. It is worth noting that sourness rather than sweet accents predominates in the taste characteristics of the variety, but still this does not become some kind of disadvantage for the variety, and apples still have incredible demand among all other varieties.
The composition of the pulp is also worth listing, as it is quite attractive and interesting. It includes the following:
- 0.1% sugar component
- ascorbic acid
- acids (mainly titratable)
- active substances, vitamins and minerals
- pectin substances
The variety has both its own advantages and some disadvantages, which can be decisive when choosing this variety among all other apple varieties. So, if we talk about the advantages of the Orlovskoye striped variety, then they consist in the fact that it is a fast-growing variety, the fruits can be harvested approximately in the fourth year after the seedling has been placed in open ground. The fruits are distinguished by excellent taste characteristics, and also have an attractive presentation. At the same time, they are excellent for sending large volumes of crops for subsequent sale.The advantage of trees is that they are resistant to even the most common diseases, including powdery mildew and scab. At the same time, a bountiful harvest can be collected from one tree - from 60 to 80 kilograms, and this is a really high figure, which should be paid special attention to.
Fruits are stored for a long time after harvest, especially when compared with some other varieties that have similar characteristics and growth and yield rates. It is also best to store the fruit in a subfloor, cellar, basement, or just in the refrigerator. In this case, they can be stored right up to January. At the same time, the fruits do not lose their properties and characteristics at all, they remain very tasty and healthy, and most importantly, they do not lose their external characteristics at all, which is also a huge plus, because these apples are often used for sale.
But there is also a drawback to this variety. It consists in the fact that apples have too thin skin. As a result, they need to be removed very carefully and also carefully placed for storage. If the skin is damaged, there is a high probability that the fruits will begin to rot and, as a result, part of the crop can be lost very quickly. Therefore, this issue should be treated with full responsibility, because accuracy can save a very large part of the harvest.
The tree can reach a height of five meters, which makes this apple variety tall. At the same time, the crown is round, very thickened. In this regard, it is recommended to be very careful about pruning and caring for the crown. Excessive thickening will not only affect the appearance of the tree, but also negatively affect its general condition. In addition, it is very difficult to remove fruits from a crown that is too dense, which are located right inside it. So formation is one of the most important conditions that is observed in the framework of agrotechnical measures. This variety is very productive - on average, in a successful year, about 200 centners of fruit can be harvested from one hectare of plantings. Thus, this makes the Orlovskoe striped apple almost one of the most productive among similar varieties and subspecies. From an adult tree, you can collect up to fifty kilograms of fruit. It is considered an adult when it reaches eight years of age. When a tree is in the age category from ten to fifteen years old, then about eighty kilograms of apples can be harvested from it. Moreover, the yield of the variety is very stable and, most importantly, in general, the fruits are incredibly tasty, have an excellent presentation, which is also an undoubted advantage of this variety.
As for the resistance to frost and temperature extremes, experienced gardeners estimate it as quite high, especially when it comes to growing this variety in the Oryol and nearby regions. But at the same time, trees can grow well in the northern part of our country, but only at the same time they take the stanza form of planting. The stalate form is a form where the skeletal branches of a tree are located directly right next to the soil. In winter, they will be under the snow, which will ensure the survival of the tree even in very harsh, but snowy conditions. In general, snowy winters are not as dangerous for trees as cold winters with no rainfall in the form of snow, so this should be borne in mind when the gardener chooses a place to plant a tree, as well as measures for subsequent care of it.
The variety is distinguished by an increased level of immunity to diseases such as scab. At the same time, life expectancy is very high - a tree can live up to about forty years without losing its ability to bear fruit even at a very adult and respected age. Of course, the level of the harvest is noticeably declining, but at the same time the fruits continue to set, and they are quite tasty and full-fledged.
If we talk about a selection of pollinator varieties, then experienced gardeners recommend choosing varieties in which the process of flowering and fruit ovary coincides with the period of flowering and fruit ovary of the Orlovskoye striped variety itself. Thus, varieties such as Anise striped, Papirovka, Autumn striped, Slavyanka, Anis scarlet or Titovka can become pollinating varieties of this apple tree. You should also attract pollinating insects - bees. To do this, the crown can be sprayed with a sweet solution of water and sugar, which will attract insects, and they will play an important role in pollination of the tree and, accordingly, in its future fruiting.
Apple Orlovskoe striped refers to early ripening varieties. Fruits appear already in the fourth year after the tree has been placed in open ground. In this case, the swelling of the buds occurs around the beginning of April, this process is followed by flowering and, accordingly, then the first apple ovaries appear. As we have already said, flowering usually occurs either in April or May, and the fruits ripen at the very beginning of autumn. Sometimes the dates can be shifted due to the fact that the tree grows in not the most favorable climatic conditions, and in this case the difference can be up to two weeks. In early autumn, it is recommended to remove apples, as they can crumble on their own. In this case, the delicate and thin skin will be damaged, and such apples will be completely unsuitable for further storage. It is important to remember that whole and strong fruits are usually stored in a suitable place for up to four months. At the same time, the fruits do not lose their taste and useful characteristics, do not become lethargic or unattractive in appearance. Reviews about this variety are quite positive, gardeners say that the tree grows well, adapts to a variety of conditions, and in general it gives a plentiful and delicious harvest, which is perfectly stored in underground floors, cellars, basements, on the balcony or just in the refrigerator. ...
Orlovskoe striped apple tree: description of planting features
Orlovskoe striped apple tree: description
Of course, of interest are the subtleties that are associated with planting a tree of the Orlovskoye striped variety, as well as with the subsequent care of it. The tree needs a spacious place that will be well lit and warmed by the sun. It should be borne in mind that if the tree is in partial shade, then this can negatively affect the taste of the fruit, they will not be so sweet. In addition, the yield itself may decrease from a lack of sunlight, which should also be taken into account when choosing a place for planting. If there is no hillock to protect the tree from groundwater, then when preparing the pit, it is worth installing good drainage on the bottom. But it is still recommended to plant a tree on a hill or hillock, where the groundwater will be located at a depth of one and a half to two meters, no less.
As for the composition of the soil, loamy and sandy loam soils are ideal for apple trees. In this case, it is necessary that the soil has weak acidic properties. If the acidity is increased, then it is quite easy to get rid of this - wood ash should be added, and the acidity will noticeably decrease. This technique is often used by experienced gardeners who are willing to share their secrets with other less experienced gardeners. If the seedling was purchased in the spring, then it is recommended to immediately cut off some branches from it. In this case, in no case should the root system be pruned, as this can lead to the development of diseases. In general, in principle, the more extensive and ramified the root system, the higher the likelihood that the tree adapts very quickly and successfully. It is also recommended to find and watch some videos that clearly demonstrate the process of preparing a pit for planting and further planting an apple tree in open ground.
Of course, you should pay attention to the preparation of the pit for planting. To do this, the earth is carefully dug up, organic fertilizers and mineral mixtures are introduced there, and then the hole itself is dug. Its diameter should be at least one meter, but the depth should be up to 80 centimeters, not less, but in general not more, since it is not recommended to unnecessarily deepen the root system and the trunk itself. If you plan to plant not one, but several trees at once, then it is recommended to keep the distance between them. It should be about three to four meters. Then the trees will get along well when they grow up, they will not shade each other, the crowns will not cling to each other and get tangled.
If the Orlovskoe striped apple tree belongs to the late variety, then in general it can be planted in the spring. Ideally, this is the end of April. Autumn planting, which falls at the end of September, is also suitable. In general, in general, gardeners recommend planting in the fall, before the onset of frost. Then the probability is high that next year the tree will give incredible growth rates, and it will be easier to deal with swelling and budding. Of course, much attention is paid to the technology of planting apple trees. It is recommended that two gardeners be present at planting - one will hold the seedling, and the second will gently spread the roots and sprinkle them with soil. The seedling should not be buried too deep, as there is a possibility that the root collar will be too deep. In this state, the tree feels completely uncomfortable, and at the same time it can experience noticeable difficulties in adapting and rooting.
In general, the area for growing an apple tree may depend on what the apple stock was. So, for example, if it was a vigorous stock, and the tree is large with a wide crown, then a space of 20 to 25 square meters is recommended. If it is a medium-sized stock, then from 12 to 15 square meters. If the stock was dwarf, then the trees are very small and compact, so about nine square meters will be enough for them, no more. The rootstock can affect not only the size of the tree, but also the properties of fruiting, its abundance and quality.
Top dressing, watering, planting annual apple trees
Agrotechnical subtleties and requirements are the conditions that, perhaps, are considered the most significant in planting apple trees and in their subsequent care. If the apple tree grows in chernozem soils, then in general you should not feed the tree too often with either organic or mineral fertilizers or mixtures. If the soil is more sandy, then it is worth applying an abundant amount of fertilizer annually to keep the trees alive. In the second year after planting, in the spring, it is recommended to apply organic fertilizers and compounds. As for the volume, about ten kilograms is enough for one square meter of planting. If we talk about the first year after planting, then you should not add any fertilizers, since the soil is carefully prepared before planting, some significant components are already being introduced into the soil.
From organic matter, ideally for an apple crop, components such as manure and deciduous soil, humus and peat, bird droppings and sod land are suitable. They perfectly help the apple tree adapt to new conditions and also allow the tree to take root faster without getting sick with any fungi or viruses that can stick to the tree due to a rather unstable position and weakened immunity. When the tree is planted, and if it has given flowering, then almost all flowers are recommended to be cut off. At this time, the tree should be focused on its own rooting and growth, so the flowers in this case are completely superfluous. It is thanks to this action that apple trees can take root even faster.Also in subsequent years, it is recommended to ration the harvest in order to get an average amount of tasty, large and mature apples.
The tree is usually watered four to five times a month, depending on the weather and climatic conditions. It is recommended to water either in the morning or in the evening, water is used for this warm, settled. In any case, you cannot use cold, almost ice-cold water, as this can cause the tree to experience incredibly strong stress, lose its ability to develop normally, which will lead to a real tragedy. In August, apples need especially abundant watering for the reason that the fruits begin to pour in, and buds are laid, which will bloom and, accordingly, bear fruit, but already next year. One way or another, the August watering is the most significant both for the current harvest and for the future. So that the branches do not grow anymore, such watering stops in August, precisely at the end of the month. After watering, the soil around the trunk must be thoroughly loosened so that moisture does not stagnate in the upper layers of the soil, but moves further, saturating and moisturizing the root system. It is also worth taking weeding with full responsibility, since weeds can become an environment in which bacteria, insects and microorganisms multiply. Because of them, the tree can get sick, pick up an infection.
In general, in the fall, you should also thoroughly mulch the soil, it is recommended to take for this rotted horse manure, as well as peat and sawdust, straw. The bottom of the trunk can be wrapped with chain-link or agrofibre to protect it from rodents and other pests. It is worth paying attention to the fact that these are very important processes: mulch allows moisture to evaporate from the soil more slowly, warming it up a little, and also protecting the soil and, accordingly, the plant itself from pests and bacteria that can choose the apple tree and cause colossal harm to it ...
When the seedling has just been placed in the ground, the branches should immediately be pruned by about one third. This procedure will in no way harm the tree, but on the contrary - pruning will help to quickly lay the correct shape of the crown, and the tree will feel healthier and much more comfortable. So, the apple tree should be pruned annually, and pruning is best planned in April. Then the tree will not start sap flow yet, by this time the buds will not have time to bite, so in fact it is this time that is the most comfortable for pruning the crop.
If we talk about the complete pruning of the apple tree, then we should not do a radical pruning and leave a single stump - it is necessary to cut off some branches at the very base, as well as those branches on which the largest number of fruits are formed, they sink almost to the ground itself. If we talk about pruning young shoots, then in this case it is worth paying attention to the fact that only the strongest and most viable shoots are left, which will bear fruit perfectly in the future. Weak shoots prone to diseases or simply wilting are best removed immediately - they still won't have any visible sense, and at the same time the tree will give some of the nutrients to these shoots, but everything will be simply in vain.
Let's also pay attention to annual apple trees. If, when buying annual apple trees, the root system is completely open, then the root system and the ground part should be equalized. You can also immediately carry out sanitary pruning, and that part of the plant that is located not in the ground, but above it will fall under it. The stem should be pruned at a height of about one meter, as this procedure will stimulate the lateral shoots to grow, to give sharper and more active growth. It should be borne in mind that the planting may also vary depending on the type and nutrition of the stock.
For example, if it is a dwarf stock, then the following rules should be taken into account: dig a hole with a diameter of no more than eighty centimeters. And the depth of the fossa can be a little more than half a meter 9, ideally 60 centimeters). A peg is driven into the hole, which will then become a support and support for the seedling in the growth process. Organic fertilizers are applied to the soil, mixed, compost, superphosphate are also added. The planting of an apple tree of this rootstock is assigned either in early autumn, or is postponed to spring time, it all depends on the ability of the gardener himself at a certain time to prepare the site and the seedling itself. The roots of dwarf trees are located close enough to the top layer of the soil, so when weeding and loosening, this fact should be paid special attention to, to act very carefully so as not to harm the root system. You should also take into account the location of groundwater - in this case, the tree of any rootstock should be installed on a hill or hillock so that the groundwater passes at a depth of at least one and a half meters underground and does not touch the root system.
Grooming is an important part of any farming technique. If you do not take care of the tree, then it will grow chaotically, the harvest will be completely different from what it is stated in the characteristics. In general, lack of maintenance negatively affects planting, and over time, there is a high probability of the tree dying ahead of time. Watering should be done throughout the summer. One tree needs four to five buckets of settled water at a time. After watering, the trunk circle should be well loosened, but this should also be done very carefully. Also, the soil can be loosened after the rain has passed, this will also be very beneficial for the plant itself. How much water it costs to apply under each tree depends entirely on the weather conditions and on the composition of the soil in which the tree is located.
Seedlings need constant attention, they should be constantly examined. If you suddenly notice withered, dry, damaged or painful branches, then they must be immediately cut from the tree. Top dressing is carried out only in the third year after the seedling has been placed in the open field. Usually a maximum of three good and abundant dressings are sufficient for the whole summer.
During early spring, the trunk and crown are sprayed with pest preparations, and the tree also responds well to spraying with a solution containing urea. The trunks themselves should be whitewashed to further protect the tree from pests. Paint can also be used as a whitewash, or you can use the most ordinary chalk. When the flowering period begins, then all chemical compounds should be excluded from the treatment. They very easily remain on the flowers, and then they can penetrate the fruits themselves - as a result, the fruits will be less safe for human health, so you should not risk your own health so much, experienced gardeners say.
Basically, there are several peculiarities of growing this apple variety in different regions. For example, in the Moscow region, it is best to place a seedling in open ground around the end of September. In the Urals, trees can also be grown for trees of this variety, but it is recommended to choose a stale form rather than an ordinary one. Then the tree is much more likely to survive in harsh conditions. In general, a tree of this variety successfully takes root in the Leningrad region - it is quite common there, but it is worth paying attention to the composition of the soil, since it may initially be quite poor, therefore it should be thoroughly enriched with both organic components and mineral compositions.
If you follow all agrotechnical rules and regulations, conditions, then you can get a strong and abundantly fruiting tree that will give tasty fruits.Apples can be stored for a long time in the basement or underground, cellar, or simply stored on the balcony or in the refrigerator. During storage, they do not lose their taste and characteristics, remain the same useful and, most importantly, their external qualities do not change at all from this. At the same time, the variety has many advantages - the tree turns out very neatly, with a crown of the correct shape (especially if it is formed), and also resistant to various diseases, including scab and powdery mildew.
Apple-tree Orlovskoe striped