Apple-tree Winter MOSVIR
Apple-tree Winter MOSVIR is a winter apple-tree variety. It was launched in Maikop at the VIR experimental station, and therefore got its name. Now this variety is quite common in the south of our country.
Apple-tree Winter MOSVIR - description and characteristics
The tree grows to a medium size. He has a rounded, moderately dense crown. The branches are densely covered with leaves. The main branches extend from the trunk at a 45 degree angle. The bark of the branches is dark gray. The stem is colored dark gray-greenish.
Shoots reach medium length. They are thin, even, and have a light brown color. Small buds are located on the shoots. They are tightly pressed against the shoot. The leaves of the apple tree are large, ovoid or round, green in color. The leaves are thick and rather dense, smooth above, slightly pubescent below. The tips of the leaves are sharp, and the bases are rounded, the edges are slightly wavy. The leaf petioles are medium pubescent. Stipules are usually medium in size. The apple tree blooms with large white flowers with a medium claw and a lowered pistil. The flowering of this apple variety has an average duration.
The fruits of this apple variety reach an over-average size. The average weight of one apple reaches 180 grams. The apples are round and slightly ribbed. When touched, they feel slightly greasy to the touch. Inside the apples are light yellowish green. From above, the fruits are almost completely red or dark red. The blush is slightly washed out. They look very elegant, spectacular and appetizing. The fruit has a medium-sized thick stalk. The peduncle is gray-brown and heavily pubescent. The funnel is wide and deep, has a delicate rustiness, which sometimes extends beyond its edges. The cup is small and closed. The sub-cup tube is usually cylindrical, wide and not too deep.
The pulp of the fruit tastes very pleasant. It is fine-grained, has a light spicy aroma, and tastes sweet and sour. The taste of the fruit can be called good.
The fruits contain ascorbic acid, organic acids, pectin and other useful substances.
Winter MOSVIR is a versatile apple variety. Apples are ideal for eating fresh, preparing meals and homemade preparations. But mainly the variety is used as a dessert. Fruit transfer is moderately tolerated.
The fruits begin to ripen in the second half of September. They are very firmly attached to the branches, so they may not crumble for a long time. But still, if the apples are overripe, then they begin to fall off. Apples can be stored for a long time, until the very end of March. If you plan to send apples for storage, then the harvest must be harvested by hand. If further processing of fruits is planned, from which mashed potatoes, preserves, jams, juices will be prepared, then a mechanical method of collection can be used.
The variety can be successfully grown on the rootstocks of the eastern apple tree and on the rootstocks that reproduce vegetatively. The variety cannot be called demanding on the soil and place of growth, but it has some preferences. Best of all, Winter MOSVIR grows in ventilated areas where there is a lot of sunlight. Golden Delicious, King Davis, etc. are suitable as pollinators for the variety.
Winter Mosvir can be called a high-yielding and early-growing variety. Fruiting of the tree begins at 4-5 years of age. The maximum yields can be harvested from trees that are about 12 years old. An average of 200-300 kg of fruit can be harvested from one 12-year-old tree.
When grown in the North-West Caucasus, the variety showed high winter hardiness. The variety is quite resistant to disease.It is extremely rarely affected by powdery mildew, has medium resistance to fruit rot and high resistance to scab.
Advantages and disadvantages
Advantages of the variety
The advantages of the variety include, first of all, its high yield and high quality of fruits. The fruits are highly marketable, they are tasty, they can be used both for fresh consumption and for preparations and dishes. Also, the advantage of the variety is its good health, resistance to scab, powdery mildew.
Disadvantages of the variety
There are not many disadvantages of the variety. These include perhaps only a weak resistance to fruit rot. In some years, it can begin to develop strongly.